Aug 2023
EDI 997 Functional Acknowledgment
(Last Updated On: February 6, 2024)

Introduction: EDI 997 – Functional Acknowledgment

In the world of electronic data interchange (EDI), the exchange of business documents between trading partners requires a reliable and efficient communication process. One crucial component of this process is the EDI 997 document, also known as the Functional Acknowledgment. In this article, we will delve into the concept of EDI 997 and explore its significance in ensuring accurate and seamless EDI transactions.

What is EDI?

Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) is a standardized electronic communication method used to exchange business documents between trading partners. It enables the transfer of structured data in a format that can be easily understood by different computer systems, eliminating the need for manual data entry and reducing errors.

The Purpose of EDI 997 – Functional Acknowledgment

The EDI 997 transaction, or Functional Acknowledgment, serves as a crucial confirmation mechanism within the EDI process or flow. It is sent by the recipient to acknowledge the receipt of an inbound EDI transaction and to confirm its syntactical and semantic integrity. The primary purpose of the Functional Acknowledgment is to provide the sender with assurance that their message has been successfully received and understood by the receiver’s system.

Structure and Content of EDI 997

The EDI 997 message follows a specific format defined by the ANSI ASC X12 standard, which is widely used in North America. It contains essential information such as control numbers, acknowledgments, and error reports. The Functional Acknowledgment confirms the receipt of the original transaction by including the sender’s control number and indicating whether the transaction was accepted or rejected.

Key Elements of EDI 997

Control Numbers: Each EDI transaction carries a unique control number, and the Functional Acknowledgment references this control number to establish a link with the original transaction.

Accepted or Rejected: The Functional Acknowledgment indicates whether the original transaction was accepted or rejected. If rejected, it may provide error codes or detailed error reports to help the sender identify and rectify the issues.

Date and Time: The Functional Acknowledgment includes the date and time of its generation, allowing the sender to track the timing of the acknowledgment.

Importance of EDI 997

EDI 997 plays a vital role in ensuring the integrity and reliability of EDI transactions. By confirming the receipt and acceptance of a transaction, it provides the sender with valuable feedback on the successful delivery of their message. If the sender does not receive a Functional Acknowledgment within a specified timeframe, they can take appropriate actions to investigate and resolve potential issues with the transmission or processing of the transaction.

What is the Difference Between EDI 997 and EDI 855?

While both EDI 997 and EDI 855 are important components of the electronic data interchange (EDI) process or flow, they serve different purposes and cater to distinct stages of the transaction lifecycle.

EDI 997, as discussed earlier, is the Functional Acknowledgment that serves as a confirmation of the receipt and acceptance of an inbound EDI transaction. It focuses on verifying the integrity and accuracy of the original transaction set, providing feedback to the sender, without consulting or parsing the “business content” of the transaction.

On the other hand, EDI 855, also known as the Purchase Order Acknowledgment, is an EDI document that serves as a response to the receipt of a purchase order (EDI 850) from the “business” point of view.

The EDI 855 transaction confirms whether the seller can fulfill the requested order and outlines any differences or changes to the original purchase order. It provides important details such as order acceptance, quantity availability, pricing, and delivery dates.

In summary, EDI 997 is a response to the receipt of any inbound EDI transaction, ensuring the transaction’s integrity, while EDI 855 specifically addresses the confirmation of purchase orders, providing essential information for both the buyer and the seller to proceed with the order fulfillment process. Understanding the distinction between these two EDI transactions is crucial for businesses to effectively manage their EDI operations.

EDI 997 – Lists the Acknowledgment Status

The EDI X12 997 acknowledgment status is crucial for troubleshooting and identifying potential issues that may have arisen during the transmission or processing of the original transaction.

Here are some common acknowledgment status codes used in the EDI 997 Functional Acknowledgment:

A: Accepted – Indicates that the corresponding segment, transaction set, or data element was successfully received and accepted without any errors.

E: Accepted with Errors noted – Signifies that the segment, transaction set, or data element was accepted but with some identified errors or discrepancies. Additional information or error codes may be provided to specify the nature of the errors.

M: Rejected message authentication – Denotes that the entire message was rejected due to authentication or security issues. This acknowledgment status typically indicates a failure in message integrity or security checks.

R: Rejected – Indicates that the corresponding segment, transaction set, or data element was rejected. This status signifies that the segment or data does not comply with the agreed-upon standards or requirements.

P: Partial Acceptance – Indicates that only a portion of the corresponding segment, transaction set, or data element was accepted. This status signifies that there were both accepted and rejected elements within the segment or transaction set.

These acknowledgment status codes help to provide a clear understanding of the acceptance, rejection, or error status at different levels of the EDI transaction, enabling effective troubleshooting, resolution, and communication between trading partners.

Please note that the specific acknowledgment status codes used may vary depending on the industry, trading partner agreements, and EDI standards implemented.

Benefits of Using EDI 997

Improved Communication: The Functional Acknowledgment fosters better communication between trading partners by confirming the successful transmission and understanding of EDI transactions.

Error Detection and Resolution: The acknowledgment helps identify any syntax or semantic errors in the original transaction, allowing prompt correction and retransmission of accurate data.

Audit Trail: The Functional Acknowledgment provides an audit trail of EDI transactions, enabling both parties to track the progress and history of their document exchanges.

Conclusion: EDI 997 – Functional Acknowledgment

EDI 997, or Functional Acknowledgment, plays a vital role in the smooth functioning of electronic data interchange. By confirming the receipt and acceptance of EDI transactions, it ensures accurate and reliable communication between trading partners.

As an EDI service provider with over 22 years of experience, we understand the complexities of EDI integration.

Whether you need fully managed EDI services, EDI web services, or on-premises EDI solutions, we have the knowledge and resources to ensure your EDI implementation runs smoothly and efficiently.

We pride ourselves on providing reliable, secure and scalable EDI solutions that enable businesses to streamline their operations and increase productivity.

Contact us today for a free consultation and quote, and let our experienced team help you achieve successful EDI integration.

Free IT Consultation

Sorry no comment yet.


Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *